Last revised: 10/8/2020
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Scooter Litigation

Last revised: 12/3/2020
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Developments in the Industry and Equipment

Effects of the Pandemic

The Players

A Highly Competitive (and Not Yet Profitable) Business

Improvements in the E-Scooters Themselves

Alternative Modes of Providing E-Scooters (Sales, Cash Rental, Long-Term Rental, Group Rental)

Structuring the Staff Needed for Charging, Repairing, and Redeployment

Parking and Charging Stations Combined with User or Charger Incentives for Their Use

Developments that May Assist Enforcement of Local Rules or Rider Safety

Scooter Companies Lobbying against Tighter State Regulation

Vandalism

Vulnerability to Hacking

Last revised: 12/3/2020

State Law on Scooters

In General

States that Allow E-Scooters on Public Roads, Subject to Regulation

Alabama: Statutory Details

Arizona: Statutory Details

Arkansas: Statutory Details

California: Statutory Details

Colorado: Statutory Details

Connecticut: Statutory Details

Florida: Statutory Details

Indiana: Statutory Details

Kansas: Statutory Details

Kentucky: Statutory Details

Louisiana: Statutory Details

Maryland: Statutory Details

Minnesota: Statutory Details

Mississippi: Statutory Details

Nevada: Statutory Details

New Jersey: Statutory Details

New York: Statutory Details

Oregon: Statutory Details

Tennessee: Statutory Details

Texas: Statutory Details

Utah: Statutory Details

Virginia: Statutory Details

Washington: Statutory Details

Wisconsin: Statutory Details

Examples of States in which Current Law Effectively Bars Modern E-Scooters from Public Roads and Streets

[See generally The Grounds and Consequences of Scooters not Being "Street Legal")

Massachusetts:

North Carolina:

  • N.C. Gen. Stat. § 20-4.01(27j) defines "moped" in terms that appear to include e-scooters. However, mopeds must be registered and be issued plates, and to be registered each must have vehicle identification number (VIN). Contemporary e-scooters lack VINs. 
  • They clearly fall within the definition of "motor vehicle" and cannot, therefore, be ridden without registration on public roads. Nor can they be ridden on sidewalks. N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 20-50(a), 20-160. However, if ridden on public roads they are subject to the state's DWI law. State v. Crow, 175 N.C. App. 119, 623 S.E.2d 68 (2005).
  • A bill that would authorize and regulate e-scooter use has been introduced in the North Carolina House

Last revised: 11/6/2020
Latest additions marked
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Impact of Scooters on Urban Transportation, Safety, and the Environment